Central London photographed in 2016. This part of the city grew extensively in the late 18th century when the city expanded in all directions outside the London Wall.
Central Paris photographed in 2015.
Paris’ wide avenues and open spaces aren’t as old as many people think. In the mid 1800’s Napoleon III asked urban planner, Baron Georges-Eugène Haussmann, to bring air and light to the centre of the city to unify the different neighbourhoods and make it more beautiful. At the time most of the centre was comprised of tiny laneways and overcrowded slums.
Between 1853 and 1927 entire districts were destroyed, but huge boulevards, parks, squares and fountains were created.
A lot of people see Haussann as an arrogant, imperialist megalomaniac who ripped the heart out of the city. To others, he was a visionary who transformed Paris into the ‘city of light’. Love or hate the guy, Paris wouldn’t have the distinctive look if it weren’t for his wild ideas.
Alexandra Road Estate, London, photographed in 2018.
Designed in 1968 by architect Neave Brown, this was the first post-war housing estate to be heritage listed.
Hackney, London, photographed in 2018.
In the 18th century Hackney was still an agricultural community on the outskirts of London. A number of commons, such as this one, have survived to become modern parks.